Creating Change: LF Methodology

Whether it is Jim Collins describing the concept of the flywheel in his book Good to Great, the notion of a theory of change popularized by Carol Weiss in her book New Approaches to Evaluating Comprehensive Community Initiatives, or the scholarly reflections from the Center for Social Innovation at Stanford, all assert the importance of being able to clearly describe how your organization gets something done. Obvious? I think we would all agree. Easy? Maybe less so than we think.


For LF, the difficulty arises from the fact that we live in a complex and chaotic world. And of course nowhere is this reality more amply demonstrated than in the very place LF is called to work: cities. Consequently, the idea of discovering, deploying and describing an LF methodology for creating change that takes into account the myriad differences of the cities that we work in while still creating a common model for all is no easy task. Moreover, if the methodology is real it has to meet the following criteria: simple to explain; contextually relevant; repeatable; and if concentrated effort is applied over time, will achieve anticipated outcomes of social impact. And of course, we must describe this all in what is euphemistically called the elevator speech!


Through a 6-month and $500,000 investment with one of the leading nonprofit consulting groups in the world, The Bridgespan Group, LF has confirmed and further developed our methodology. It is as simple as it is profound, elegant while also being effective, and transferable while also contextual.


LF understands that our methodology—that which we believe holds the key to making cities into playgrounds rather than battlegrounds—is developing leaders who connect and drive the wheel of permanent change in their cities by increasing mastery of the three functions: engaging leaders of good faith and good will, building the capacity of other faith and community based groups, and developing joint programming initiatives. This is LF’s flywheel and theory of change. Over 70 members around the world are using this method to drive change and create healthier, more vibrant cities which gives us pause for great hope.


Over the next few months we will be using a number of mediums— to include this newsletter, the City As Playground podcast and LF blog—to further explore LF’s methodology and understanding of how leaders committed to the three functions make cities better.

Power of Relationship Whispercast- Episode 12

Take a moment to listen to the latest episode of the City as Playground Podcast.


In this Whispercast, we take a look at one of the ways that Leadership Foundations engage and transform cities. Join Rick Enloe and Dave Hillis as they introduce this first function: engaging people of good faith and good will and prepare for our next full length podcast with Bill Milliken, the founder of Communities in Schools. Listen here and send in any questions you would like answered to




Hurricane Katrina: Ten Years Later

Ten years ago today category five storm surges breached the levies of New Orleans and triggered a fast moving flood that rose 20 feet and swallowed whole swaths of the city. The devastation was utter and complete. The response slow and inadequate. The situation gut wrenching. It was a momentous event that affects our psyche still.


Momentous for the response by our national leaders which caused a proportionate breach in trust that lingers with us. A cynical response that bet Americans did not care about poor black people or that we could be consoled by political theater. It revealed a leadership marked more by cronyism than competence, as if the very notion that “government is the problem, not the solution” had come home to roost.


But Katrina was equally momentous in that she showed us the brighter side of leadership too. Leadership that is local and can-do, genuinely inclusive and anchored in belief, and most of all, effective.


When the storm hit, Kevin Brown had been the director of Trinity Christian Community, a local leadership foundation, for six years. Their work was based in Hollygrove, a working class neighborhood of modest homes, higher than average unemployment, and its fair share of New Orleans crime. Hollygrove was a part of the 80% of the city underwater. The foundation office was destroyed, computers ruined, records lost.


Kevin, who managed to evacuate, was turned back by the National Guard as he tried to enter the city the day after. Aboard a boat one week later he was able to sneak past the guarded perimeter. There he found a city devastated by water, its easy spirit deep in shock.


As we reflect on the storm and its aftermath we reached out to talk with Kevin Brown about his effort to rebuild Hollygrove and the city of New Orleans.


The storm destroyed everything: your home, your staff’s homes, your office. How were you able to get back up and running?


It was devastating on so many levels. We lost everything; our homes were inhabitable for many months. Right afterward Reid Carpenter and other senior leaders came down and offered us a collective shoulder to lean on. They listened patiently to our stories, and were a tremendous source of healing and support. They helped us regain our confidence.


As we talked through how to get back on our feet, we knew we needed to do three things: 1) relocate people who had lost their homes, 2) rebuild our city, and 3) create a city that is better than we had before.


You managed to find homes for a couple thousand people. How?


Teamwork, mostly. My friend John Wiseman went from motel to motel talking to refugees, understanding their situation. Each night his wife Karen would write up his notes and send them over to me. Then I’d reach out to the Leadership Foundations network. I’m proud to say our network reached back in a big way by adopting families who needed temporary relocation. We asked the network to help folks with transportation costs, initial rent and utility expenses, provide job leads and connect each family to a house of worship, and they did. Everyone wanted to help.


Why was the connection to worship such a priority?


These people are relocating with nothing but the clothes on their backs, far away from everyone they know. Churches are full of people predisposed to care, to offer aid, to witness another’s story. It was the most practical way to connect people to community.


You grew up in Hollygrove and based your ministry there. What was it like when you first returned.


Complete destruction. Besides the overwhelming smell of rot and decay the first thing we noticed was that everything was dead. Saltwater had killed the trees, the grass, had rusted out all the cars. There was a thin white layer of salt all over everything. Eerie, like all those descriptions of nuclear fall-out made real.


Incomprehensible. With all that devastation where do you begin?


There was a long period when we couldn’t do anything. Only those with hazmat suits on official business could get in. That was when we were focused on relocating people. It was also when I became obsessed with how to rebuild flooded houses. How do you get rid of mold? Well it turns out it’s not rocket science; you tear out the old drywall and spray the framing down with boric acid. Let it dry out then put up new drywall.


When we got back in and were ready to build we were blessed with thousands of volunteers. Church groups from across the country came to spend their vacations helping us rebuild. Over a period of seven years they repaired or rebuilt 221,000 houses in New Orleans.


That’s where AmeriCorps comes in right?


We had a standing partnership with AmeriCorps for tutoring and mentoring. Of course the storm hit right as the school year was starting. All of a sudden we have no schools. No kids to tutor. I told them what we really needed was help repairing and rebuilding houses. “Oh we don’t do that!” But they came and saw what we were up against, and they gave us 100 AmeriCorps volunteers. How do you organize those thousands of eager and enthusiastic church volunteers? You call AmeriCorps!


When other organizations saw how our partnership worked they wrote their own grants. AmeriCorps was amazingly instrumental in helping New Orleans rebuild. Afterward they added disaster relief & recovery to their areas of service.


Sounds like it was a time to think creatively.


Months after the storm Mayor Nagin was waging his reelection campaign, which, given the city’s reality, was rife with a number of divisive issues, including, but not limited to, race; religion; and money. One example of the creative thinking that took place was how we used the Mayor’s campaign signs, that we believed further divided, and we cut them into strips and painted them to make new “make-due” street signs. Understand that New Orleans was crawling with insurance adjusters who could not find their way around the city — the storm blew away our street signs! Nothing was getting done because the insurance adjusters couldn’t find their way around. They were able to find their way around Hollygrove.


What about the third part of your plan – to recreate a better city?


In many ways New Orleans is in fact a better place to live. Hollygrove definitely is. In addition to rebuilding, we were able to construct ten new houses, something that hadn’t happened in decades. Those ten houses spurred more development till some 30 more houses were built. Our school was a decrepit relic from the days of segregation. Now we have a new school and a new senior center.


We built a hugely popular pocket farm that brings people together and feeds them. By organizing block watches we were able to shut down a notorious bar long the source of drug deals. Crime in Hollygrove is down 70% from pre-Katrina levels.


Even Costco! They redeveloped a moldering strip mall into their very first store in Louisiana. Say what you want but Costco brings in folks from all over the city and provides the neighborhood with good-paying jobs.


Perhaps most telling is that some people who came to help us rebuild actually stayed. White folks, Latinos, black folks – they’ve bought houses here.


I imagine those first few years were a time of amazing personal and spiritual growth for you and your team. What are your big take-aways?


Katrina taught us that no matter how bad things get, the way you see will greatly determine how things will work out in the end. When one of my kids is going through a rough patch I find myself telling them that if they can just make it through today, and tomorrow, and maybe the next day, it will get better. Things do get better if we orient our focus on what matters most – loving and serving each other through the good and the bad.


Katrina also taught us to let go. We lost our kid’s photographs, their artwork. I lost my treasured record collection. Eventually you realize it’s all just stuff. And when you can let go of that stuff you are truly set free.


It was an awful time in many ways. We lost a lot but in the end we gained more. We’ve developed friendships we never would have before, we improved our city, and we’ve come to know ourselves deeply.


As I often do I’ll quote Romans: Suffering produces endurance, endurance produces character, character produces hope.


Words to live by. Thank you Kevin.


You can read more about the story of Trinity Christian Community’s response to Hurricane Katrina in the LF Book, Cities: Playgrounds or Battlegrounds? Leadership Foundations’ Fifty Year Journey of Social and Spiritual Renewal. Copies are available through Amazon or the Seattle Book Company.


Caring For Our Common Home

While controversy and debate swirl around Pope Francis’ revolutionary encyclical, Laudato Si, what strikes us most is his subtle but profound insight into the “Care For Our Common Home.” Yes, our shared home is our planet, our cities, neighborhoods and homes. But it also resides within our hearts. Our common home is more than the environment alone, it is our shared humanity. Environment and humanity are so intertwined they exist as one. That it is the very union of society and environment, both natural and built, which constitutes our common home.


Throughout his encyclical Francis stresses that how we treat our common home must change if we are to live our lives with grace. He calls on us to reject what he calls our “throwaway culture” where not just unwanted things, but unwanted people – the poor and the disenfranchised – are treated as waste. He challenges us to build a worldwide culture of stewardship that will repair the abuses inflicted on our earth and on our humanity.


In no other place is this interdependence of people and environment more apparent than in our cities – microcosms of our common home. How we have treated them and the people they contain is, according to Francis, much how we have treated our world. In the second-half of the 20th century we threw our cities away. We saw them as dirty, used up and spiritually bankrupt. We largely abandoned our cities and left them to the poor and the disenfranchised, battlegrounds to be contained.


Thankfully, times change. Today we are remaking our cities into places of innovation, opportunity and participatory democracy – into places of connection. People are rediscovering the joy of interconnection found through sense of place – dense, walkable and sustainable neighborhoods, local shops and goods, festivals and farmers markets, inclusive churches – that are in many ways beginning to fulfill what Francis calls us to do.


To echo Robert Frost, “we have miles to go before we sleep.” And continue the journey we will. Leadership Foundations sees the shift back to cities as an opportunity and a challenge. How can we tap into the newfound urbanism happening in neighborhoods that are more characterized as playgrounds and spark healing and renewal in areas too often seen as battlegrounds? How, at the civic level, can we answer Francis’ call to become better stewards?


Our answer is inspired by exactly that quality of interconnectedness the Pope emphasizes. Grace is inherent in all of us. Most of us want to help others; want a peaceful and meaningful society. Since Sam Shoemaker first rallied leaders in Pittsburgh, local leadership foundations across the land have focused on bringing people of goodwill together so that we may bridge the gap between those who have and those who do not.


LF takes inspiration from the Pope’s challenge while we take heart in our part of meeting it. As we reflect on our responsibility to the environment we see local leadership foundations taking up the task. In response to issues of food scarcity among the poor and marginalized, Urban Ventures runs an urban and a country farm, two greenhouses, and two apiaries. The produce grown is sold at an affordable price at their mobile farmers market in neighborhoods that lack access to fresh food. Additionally, Urban Ventures provides healthy cooking classes for families across Minneapolis and employment opportunities for local youth and women. They see access to healthy, sustainable food and meaningful employment as a way to build and strengthen thriving communities in their city. Stewardship of resources, yes, but also a sum of activity that results in thousands of connections made between neighbors. Farms and food driving community.


Francis reminds us that all are worthy; the poor are as valid as the rich. And we know that it is the connections we make between the two and with each other that drive change. Connections grow into relationships. Relationships yield understanding and insight. Understanding and insight are the very foundation of social and spiritual progress.




Origins of the LF Charism- Episode 11

Take a moment to listen to the latest episode of the City as Playground Podcast.


Now a network of 74 cities around the world, Leadership Foundations found its start in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania with Reid Carpenter. Rick Enloe and Dave Hillis are joined in this episode by Reid as they explore his early days with Sam Shoemaker, the creation of the Pittsburgh Leadership Foundation, the LF charism and how LF became a global network striving to make cities better.




Last week the whole of America seemed obsessed with Cecil the Lion, who, lured from a protective reserve and killed as a trophy animal, spawned near universal outrage on Facebook and other social media. Tragic as it was, many of us are left wondering what it was really all about. How can killing a lion in Africa generate a buzz more powerful than our problems here at home?


We believe posts like #CatLivesMatter are more about making us feel better about ourselves than they are about effecting change. By focusing our indignation on a trophy hunter from Minnesota we create a convenient scapegoat that allows us to offload our rage and place ourselves firmly in the camp of the Good – without having to do much more than share our opinion.


Did we really believe that if enough of us sported “Free Tibet” bumper stickers we could reverse the Chinese government’s actions? Or were we in reality simply advertising our own goodness?


Certainly social media can contribute to change — South Carolina did remove the confederate flag. However we can’t escape the feeling that much of the tit-for-tat one-upmanship that so riles us on Facebook rings hollow. Hollow because it’s mostly unbacked by action. Outrage expressed? Check. But what are we actually doing about it?


Like many organizations working for change, Leadership Foundations challenges us to turn our opinions into actions. Think globally yes, but act locally. For it is in our own cities that we can have the most impact, both on our communities and on ourselves. Through action, and interaction with others, we gain understanding and insight into the plight of our neighbors, and in the process examine our beliefs more closely. Through action and interaction we discover what it is we actually believe.


The City Is A Playground

Rucker Park and Reid Carpenter. What could the two possibly have in common? One, a famous outdoor basketball court in Harlem; the other, a man who founded the Leadership Foundations network. One, a place where many went to discover their jump shot; the other, where people discovered their love for their city. Well, perhaps the two share more than you might imagine as a result of Leadership Foundations work.


Rucker Park, perhaps the most famous outdoor basketball court in the world, stands as a pantheon to the basketball gods. Many who played at the park became legends in their own right for their abilities, and several have gone on to play in the NBA. It is a place that simply states, “got game, earn a name”.


On August 15th, during the Rucker Park 50th Anniversary celebration, and through LF’s partnership with the National Basketball Retired Players Association, 150 young girls and boys will be given the opportunity to gather at the famous park to meet famous basketball legends, further develop their basketball skills, be led through a leadership and character development session by Dallas Leadership Foundation staff and have the opportunity to be mentored through LF’s Global Youth Initiative.


Reid Carpenter heard Sam Shoemaker’s famous words on top of Mount Washington regarding Pittsburgh becoming as famous for God as it was for steel. Many who now run local leadership foundations do so as a result of spending time with Reid in Pittsburgh.


This month on LF’s City As Playground podcast we have the great privilege of listening to Reid recall those early days with Sam, the creation of the Pittsburgh Leadership Foundation, and how LF became a global network striving to make cities better.


So what do Rucker Park and Reid Carpenter have in common? Both have given women and men a place to shape their lives, one for basketball and the other for social and spiritual renewal of cities. Both have given experiences that push one toward greater levels of excellence, one on the hardcourt the other in the thoroughfares of cities.  In the end, both continue to remind us that the city is a playground; one of the corner of 155th and Frederick Douglass Boulevard in New York, the other in cities around the world.

Origins of the LF Charism Whispercast- Episode 10

Take a moment to listen to the latest episode of the City as Playground Podcast.


In this Whispercast, we begin to explore the history and origins of the Leadership Foundations’ charism- seeing the city as a playground. Join Rick Enloe and Dave Hillis as they introduce this idea and prepare for our next full length podcast with Reid Carpenter, the founder of Leadership Foundations. Listen here and send in any questions you would like answered to



What Can We Do, Together?

A while back syndicated columnist Leonard Pitts Jr. wrote a moving and nuanced reflection on the riots in Baltimore. In it he highlighted the hand-wringing exasperation of those who want to help but simply do not know how. Pitts closed by challenging his readers with a question: What can we do, each of us, to address the disparities that drive the riots we are seeing in cities all over?


As our hearts break over the horrific violence that occurred in Charleston earlier this week, the question lingers. What can I do to help?


While it’s everyone’s responsibility to confront racism, in our own hearts and in the words and actions of others, Leadership Foundations believes the deeper answer lies less in what any one person alone can do but in what we can do together, collectively.


This starts with how we approach the issues that lead to social problems. Too often we approach them from an outside-in perspective. Experts study the issue and as if practicing medicine, prescribe solutions that, while well meaning, often miss the mark.


How often do we consult those directly affected, who live their lives in the milieu, who have real-world insights that just may lead to better solutions?


Our experience teaches us that in every community, every so-called broken neighborhood, there are those who understand the issues they and their neighbors face far better than anyone on the outside. One of our primary functions at Leadership Foundations is to elevate and connect these potential and emergent leaders to those with the power and resources to assist; to build a common ground that drives deeper insight into our problems and the whole of what it takes to solve them. We know that through collaboration and collective action we can fashion solutions that actually work.


An example of this can be found in Memphis where the Memphis Leadership Foundation convened churches all across the city – black and white, Catholic and Protestant, affluent and under-resourced – to address the needs of kids on the fringes. The result is a consortium of 40 area churches and nonprofit organizations that developed youth outreach ministries for at-risk children.


Today over 5000 teens and children are involved weekly in healthy, safe and empowering activities.  One of those programs, Memphis Athletic Ministries took over six community centers formerly abandoned by budget cuts, but which are now fully-staffed safe spaces where kids at risk have access to organized athletics, mentors, tutors and role models, and an army of youth workers recruited from the neighborhood, who help kids get what they need to succeed. In total there are over a thousand volunteers from 40 churches helping more than ten thousand kids rise above the low expectations society places on them.


Our cities are living, breathing organisms that reflect and manifest the thought and energy we put into them. And, while on the whole they are becoming better places to live, we too often regard parts of our cities as battlegrounds, us vs. them and the zero-sum game mentality this encourages – what one side gains the other cedes. But, if we can begin to regard our cities more as playgrounds we can see there is more abundance than scarcity. Through collaboration and collective action community centers once abandoned are reborn, parks once derelict and dangerous are now green and full of families, and our streets are places of peace and good will.


Obviously there is no single answer that will solve what we are experiencing in our cities. What we need is a cultural shift in how we understand the various socio-economic realities at play, their effects and our role. At Leadership Foundations we believe that shift starts with how we see our cities.


Do we live in battlegrounds or do we live in playgrounds?

Changing Our Metaphors

Joseph Campbell famously stated, “If you want to change the world, you have to change the metaphor.” Clearly his idea was preceded by Jesus. He replaced the metaphors that allowed the religious authority of his day to exclude and provided ones that include common women and men thereby allowing them to change the world.


LF achieves this through seeing the city as a playground rather than a battleground. We change the metaphor so we can change the world.  Along with seeing the city as a playground, another very powerful metaphor for LF has been something Karl Barth was reported to have said. When asked what should be the posture of a Christian in the world he talked about holding on to the bible with one hand and the newspaper with the other. His argument is that, to witness to God’s Kingdom, one must keep these two sources in honest, transparent, and consequential dialogue with each other.


To live into this reality of bible and newspaper in more robust ways, we are pleased to announce the creation of the LF Blog. And, interestingly enough, this first post came as a direct result of the newspaper. In April nationally syndicated columnist, Leonard Pitts, wrote an op-ed piece on the tragedy in Ferguson and a letter he received from a reader. The reader, Mr. Pitts reported, simply asked what she could do to try and help. Mr. Pitts answered her by asking his readers for ideas that might help this woman. LF replied by sending a response. Whether Mr. Pitts uses LF’s reflection is a question that remains unanswered. What was produced is the recognition that if LF is to fulfill its mission we should be demonstrating what a faith-filled response might look like as we read our newspapers and bibles: thus the LF blog.


City as playground, bible in one hand and newspaper in the other: metaphors that change us so we can change the world.


Read our response to Pitt’s article on the LF blog.